Canada is making significant changes in the Express Entry system. As of now, the highest-ranked profiles in the Express Entry pool that meet the minimum ranking score cut-off, get invited. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) currently uses NOC 2016 to determine the eligibility of occupations under its temporary and permanent residency programs. However, IRCC must switch to NOC 2021 starting in November as per Canadian law. As a result, a total of 16 occupations will become eligible for Express Entry, and three will become ineligible.
What Changes Should You Expect in Express Entry?
The proposed changes call for a new version of the Express Entry system, allowing the ITAs issued by IRCC in Express Entry draws to be based on criteria such as –
- Industry-based occupations, and
- Specific academic credentials.
The major change to NOC 2021 is the current four-category “skill level” structure has been overhauled and replaced by a new six-category system. The new system outlines the level of Training, Education, Experience and Responsibilities (TEER) required to enter each occupation.
The previous NOC had four skill levels. NOC A represented jobs that tend to require university degrees, NOC B included jobs in the skilled trades or that require a college diploma, NOC C covered jobs that require intermediate skills or job-specific training, and NOC D was for labour jobs that require on-the-job training.
Under the proposed overhaul of the Express Entry system, the Canadian government will be able to invite candidates that can fulfill real-time labour requirements.
In view of the proposed changes to the Express Entry system, an IRCC round of invitations can look very different once all-program Express Entry draws are resumed from July 2022.
Why IRCC is making the changes in the Express Entry System?
According to Statistics Canada, there are two main reasons why the skill type model is being replaced by the TEER system.
Below are the two reasons
- The TEER system aims to provide more clarity on the level of education and work experience required to work in an occupation.
- The skill type model creates artificial categorizations between low- and high-skilled jobs. Implementing TEER is intended to give stakeholders a better sense of the skills required for each occupation.
If you want to see how your current NOC corresponds with the new NOC 2021, you can use this Statistics Canada tool.
Which Occupations Will Become Eligible?
As a result of these changes, the following 16 occupations will become eligible under Express Entry:
- Payroll administrators;
- Dental assistants and dental laboratory assistants;
- Nurse aides, orderlies and patient service associates;
- Pharmacy technical assistants and pharmacy assistants;
- Elementary and secondary school teacher assistants;
- Sheriffs and bailiffs;
- Correctional service officers;
- By-law enforcement and other regulatory officers;
- Estheticians, electrologists and related occupations;
- Residential and commercial installers and servicers;
- Pest controllers and fumigators;
- Other repairers and servicers;
- Transport truck drivers;
- Bus drivers, subway operators and other transit operators;
- Heavy equipment operators; and
- Aircraft assemblers and aircraft assembly inspectors.
There will also be three occupations that will become ineligible, including:
- other performers;
- program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness; and
- tailors, dressmakers, furriers and milliners.
These three occupations will remain eligible for programs with broader occupational eligibility criteria, such as some streams of the Provincial Nominee Program.
The NOC 2021 TEER Structure
The new TEER structure will be adopted as follows:
|NOC 2016||NOC 2021|
|Skill Type 0||TEER 0|
|Skill Level A||TEER 1|
|Skill Level B||TEER 2|
|Skill Level B||TEER 3|
|Skill Level C||TEER 4|
|Skill Level D||TEER 5|
NOC 2021 will use a five-tier hierarchical system to classify occupations. Also, occupations will now have a five-digit codification system instead of the current four-digit system. The TEER system has six categories, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
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